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How Does Tax Filing Works

22 March 2024 8 min read
How Does Tax Filing Works

Filing income tax returns (ITR) can be a complex task for many individuals, especially if they are unfamiliar with the process. However, it is crucial to file ITRs accurately and on time to avoid receiving notices from the Income Tax Department. To help you navigate the process smoothly, we have compiled a list of key points to consider while filing your ITR. By paying attention to these factors, you can prevent errors, minimize stress, and maintain compliance with tax regulations.

What is ITR Filing?

Income Tax Return (ITR) filing is a crucial process that individuals and businesses in India must adhere to as per the Indian income tax laws. It involves submitting a form to the Income Tax Department detailing income earned and applicable taxes. ITR filing is mandatory for all entities earning an income, including individuals, firms, corporations, and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs). The purpose of ITR filing is to declare taxable income, assess tax liability, and claim deductions accurately. Failure to file ITR before the due date can result in penalties. The process involves choosing the correct ITR form based on income sources, preparing the necessary documents, and submitting the form online through the official Income Tax Department portal. It is essential to file ITR accurately and on time to ensure compliance with tax regulations, claim tax refunds, maintain a verified income record, and support various financial applications like loans or visas.

Selecting the Appropriate ITR Form: A Crucial Step in Filing Income Tax Returns

Choose the correct ITR form based on your income sources. Selecting the right form ensures accurate reporting and prevents errors.

Ensure Incorporating All Revenue Streams in the return

When filing your income tax return (ITR), it is crucial to account for all your revenue streams to ensure accurate reporting and avoid potential issues with the tax authorities. Many individuals have multiple sources of income, such as salaries, investments, rental income, freelance work, or business profits. Here are the key considerations when incorporating all your revenue streams in your ITR

Note- Now ITR is prefilled on the Income tax Portal based on the information available with the government, but it is taxpayers responsibility to ensure accurate data before filing

Compile Income Documents: Gather all relevant income documents, such as salary slips, bank statements, dividend statements, rental agreements, and invoices from freelance work or business transactions. Ensure you have a comprehensive record of your income sources.

Accurate Income Reporting: Carefully report income from each source in the appropriate sections of your ITR form. Avoid under-reporting or omitting any income, as this can lead to penalties and notices from the tax authorities. To ensure accuracy, verify the data available in Annual Information Statement (AIS) which is now available on the Income Tax portal.

Declare Interest and Dividends: If you have earned interest income from bank deposits, fixed deposits, or bonds, and dividends from investments, include them in your ITR. Keep track of all the relevant statements and calculate the correct amount to report.

Rental Income and Expenses: If you receive rental income from properties you own, declare it in the ITR. Deduct allowable expenses such as property taxes, maintenance costs, and mortgage interest to calculate the taxable rental income accurately.

Freelance Work and Business Income: If you engage in freelance work or have a business, report the income and expenses associated with these activities. Maintain proper records of invoices, receipts, and business-related expenses to claim legitimate deductions.

Capital Gains: If you have sold any assets such as stocks, mutual funds, or property during the financial year, calculate and report any capital gains or losses. Consider seeking professional assistance to accurately calculate and report these transactions.

Foreign Income: If you have earned income from foreign sources, such as foreign employment or overseas investments, it is essential to report them as per the guidelines provided by the Income Tax Department. Be aware of any tax treaties or provisions related to foreign income.

By incorporating all your revenue streams in your ITR, you ensure compliance with tax regulations and reduce the risk of receiving notices from the tax authorities. Keep detailed records, maintain supporting documents, and consider consulting a tax professional to navigate any complexities associated with reporting multiple income sources. Taking these steps will help you maximize your income tax return and ensure a smooth and accurate filing process.

Ensuring Accurate TDS Information: A Key Step in Income Tax Filing

When filing your income tax return (ITR), one crucial aspect to pay attention to is the accuracy of Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) information. TDS is the amount deducted from your income by the payer, such as your employer or bank, and deposited with the government on your behalf. To verify the TDS details and ensure a smooth tax filing process, follow these important steps:

Collect TDS Certificates: Gather all TDS certificates, such as Form 16 (for salary income) and Form 16A (for other incomes), from your employers, banks, or other deductors. These certificates provide essential information about the TDS deducted and deposited. Though populated in 26AS, some deductees might have missed reporting.

Cross-Check TDS Details: Compare the TDS details mentioned in your TDS certificates with the information available on your Form 26AS. Form 26AS is a consolidated statement that reflects all taxes paid by you, including TDS. It can be accessed online through the income tax department’s website.

Include TDS in ITR: While filing your ITR, report the TDS details accurately in the relevant sections of the form. Ensure that you enter the correct TAN of the deductor and provide all necessary information regarding the TDS deducted and deposited. Contact the deductor to rectify the issues in case of any discrepancies in the TDS details.

Expert Assistance: A Wise Choice for Handling Complex ITR Filing Scenarios

When it comes to investments in the stock market or dealing with complex financial transactions, it is crucial to seek financial advice to ensure accurate reporting of capital gains and losses. The stock market can be unpredictable, and understanding the tax implications of buying and selling stocks can be challenging. By consulting a certified financial advisor who specializes in taxation and investment planning, you can navigate the complexities of reporting capital gains and losses effectively. They have the knowledge and expertise to help you accurately calculate your gains or losses and ensure compliance with tax regulations. Making mistakes in these areas can lead to severe consequences, such as incorrect tax filings, penalties, or even legal issues.

Choosing the right tax regime

When it comes to choosing the appropriate tax regime, it is crucial to evaluate the benefits and disadvantages of both the old and new regimes. Under the old regime, you can claim various deductions and exemptions, reducing your taxable income. On the other hand, the new regime offers lower tax rates but eliminates most deductions and exemptions. To make an informed decision, calculate your tax liability under both options. Consider factors such as your income level, eligible deductions, and financial goals. Assess which regime aligns better with your financial situation and long-term objectives. By carefully evaluating the pros and cons of each regime and calculating your tax liability, you can make a well-informed decision that suits your needs best.

Go through a detailed blog on New v/s Old regime – How to choose what is best for you?

Maximize Your Tax Benefits: Navigating Deductions under the Income Tax Act

When filing your income tax return, it is essential to take full advantage of the deductions available to you under the provisions of the Income Tax Act. Deductions such as those allowed under Section 80C for investments in specified instruments or Section 80D for health insurance premiums can significantly reduce your taxable income and lower your overall tax liability. However, it is crucial to exercise caution and ensure that you claim deductions correctly, backed by proper supporting documents. Be aware of any fraudulent practices or fake deductions that may lead to legal consequences. By understanding and adhering to the regulations surrounding deductions, you can optimize your tax benefits while staying within the boundaries of the law.

Declaration of Foreign Assets and Income in your Income Tax Return

If you hold any foreign assets or earn income from overseas sources, it is essential to report them in your income tax return. The Income Tax Department has specific guidelines and reporting requirements for individuals with foreign assets or income. Failure to disclose these assets or income can lead to penalties and legal consequences.

Timely Filing of Income Tax Returns: Avoid Penalties and Hassles

Filing your income tax return (ITR) within the due date is crucial to avoid unnecessary penalties and hassles. The Income Tax Department sets specific deadlines for filing ITRs, and failing to meet these deadlines can have financial consequences. Here’s why it’s important to file your ITR on time

Avoid Late Filing Fees: If you file your ITR after the due date, you may be liable to pay late filing fees. The fees can vary based on the delay period and your total income. By filing on time, you can save yourself from incurring these additional costs. Amount upto 10,000 /- INR.

Interest on Tax Liability: If you have a tax liability for the financial year and fail to file your ITR on time, you may be charged interest on the outstanding amount. This interest is calculated from the due date until the date of filing. By filing within the deadline, you can avoid accruing unnecessary interest charges.

Claim Refunds Promptly: If you are eligible for a tax refund, filing your ITR on time ensures that you receive your refund without delays. The sooner you file, the sooner you can claim any excess tax paid and get your refund processed.

Avoid Notices and Scrutiny: Late filing or non-filing of ITRs may invite notices from the Income Tax Department. This can lead to scrutiny of your financial affairs, causing stress and additional work to respond to such notices. By filing your ITR on time, you reduce the likelihood of being targeted for scrutiny.

Plan Financial Matters Effectively: Timely filing of ITRs provides you with a clear picture of your income, tax liabilities, and deductions. This information is valuable for effective financial planning, such as tax-saving investments, loan applications, or business activities.

To ensure you file your ITR on time, keep track of the due dates, gather all the required documents and information in advance, and consider seeking professional assistance if needed. Filing early not only helps you avoid penalties but also provides peace of mind and eliminates last-minute stress.


Filing your income tax returns correctly and on time is essential to avoid unnecessary stress and notices from the Income Tax Department. By considering the aforementioned points and seeking professional guidance when needed, you can ensure a smooth and compliant ITR filing process. Remember to stay updated on the latest tax regulations and consult a tax expert for personalized advice.

Please note,

The views in the article /blog are personal and that of the author. The idea is to create awareness and not intended to provide any product recommendations.


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