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How Can You Start Tax Filing in 2024?

8 May 2024 5 min read
How Can You Start Tax Filing in 2024?

Filing your Income Tax Return (ITR) in India can feel overwhelming, especially for first-timers. The complex forms, intricate calculations, and unfamiliar terminology can quickly turn a seemingly simple task into a stressful experience. However, the good news is that the Indian government’s e-filing portal has significantly simplified the process, making it faster, more accessible, and user-friendly. This comprehensive guide will walk you through every step, ensuring a smooth and error-free e-filing experience.

Step 1: Accessing the E-filing Portal

  • New users: Head to the official Income Tax Department e-filing portal ( Click on “Register Yourself” and provide your Permanent Account Number (PAN), full name, and date of birth. The portal guides you through the registration process, ensuring you fill in all the necessary details correctly.
  • Existing users: If you’ve filed your ITR previously, you already have an account. Simply log in using your PAN and password. If you’ve forgotten your password, click on “Forgot Password?” and follow the prompts to reset it using your PAN and registered mobile number or email ID.

Step 2: Choosing the Right ITR Form

The Income Tax Department provides various ITR forms designed for different income sources. Choosing the correct form is crucial for ensuring accurate filing and compliance with tax regulations. Here’s a quick breakdown of the most common forms:

  • ITR-1 (Sahaj): For individuals with income solely from salary, pension, interest income, and having 1 house property.
  • ITR-2: For individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) with income from various sources, including business or profession, capital gains, and other income sources.
  • ITR-3: For individuals and HUFs with income from business or profession, including individuals or professionals who are required to maintain accounts under the Income Tax Act.
  • ITR-4 (Sugam): For individuals, HUFs, and firms (other than LLPs) with income up to Rs. 50 lakh including profit from businesses under presumptive taxation, salary, 1 house property and other sources. 

If you’re unsure which form to choose, the portal offers guidance based on your income sources and other factors. You can also consult a tax professional for personalized advice.

Step 3: Leveraging Pre-filled Data and Entering Income Details

One of the most significant advantages of e-filing is pre-filled data, which streamlines the process and minimizes the risk of errors. The Income Tax Department pre-fills certain sections of your ITR form with information collected from sources like your Form 16 (provided by your employer), Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) statements, and previous ITR filings. It’s crucial to carefully review all pre-filled data for accuracy. If any information is missing or incorrect, you can edit or add the necessary details manually.

Step 4: Exploring Tax Regimes and Selecting the Best Option

The Indian government provides taxpayers with the option to choose between the old and new tax regimes, whichever offers them a lower tax liability. Understanding the key differences is crucial for making an informed decision:

  • Old Tax Regime: Offers various deductions and exemptions under different sections like 80C, 80D, and others, but with higher tax rates compared to the new regime.
  • New Tax Regime: Offers lower tax rates with limited deductions and exemptions.

The e-filing portal provides tools to compare your tax liability under both regimes based on your income, deductions, and tax calculations. Analyzing this comparison can help you decide which regime is more beneficial in your specific situation.

Step 5: Verifying and Submitting Your ITR

Once you’ve meticulously reviewed all the information, chosen your preferred tax regime, and calculated your tax liability, you’re ready to submit your ITR electronically. However, before clicking the final “Submit” button, remember to:

  • Double-check all entered information for accuracy and completeness. Ensure there are no inconsistencies or missing details.
  • Attach any relevant documents required for specific income sources or deductions claimed.

Once you’re confident about everything, proceed to submit your ITR. There are two main methods for verifying your return:

  • Aadhaar OTP: If you have linked your Aadhaar card with your PAN, you can use the one-time password (OTP) received on your registered mobile number for verification.
  • EVC (Electronic Verification Code): This code is generated on the e-filing portal and needs to be entered within 72 hours to verify your return. You can generate the EVC using different methods, such as your pre-validated bank account, demat account, or net banking.
  • Sending a signed ITR-V form: If you don’t have Aadhaar or prefer not to use it, you can download the ITR-V form generated after submitting your return online. Print, sign, and mail it to the Central Processing Centre (CPC) in Bengaluru for verification.

Upon successful submission and verification of your ITR, you’ll receive a confirmation message from the Income Tax Department. It’s essential to keep a copy of the acknowledgement slip and the ITR-V receipt for your records as proof of filing.

Additional Tips for a Smooth E-filing Experience:

  • Start early: Don’t wait until the last minute to file your ITR. Starting early allows ample time to gather necessary documents, review information carefully, and resolve any issues that might arise.
  • Seek professional help: If you have complex income sources, deductions, or tax calculations, consider seeking guidance from a registered tax professional. They can assist you in choosing the appropriate form, claiming valid deductions, and ensuring your return is filed accurately and efficiently.
  • Stay updated: Tax laws and regulations are subject to change. Familiarize yourself with any recent updates or amendments before filing your ITR.

By following these steps and incorporating these tips, you can navigate the e-filing process confidently and ensure a hassle-free  experience. Remember, filing your ITR on time contributes to responsible citizenship and helps the government allocate resources effectively for public welfare.

Please note,

The views in the article /blog are personal and that of the author. The idea is to create awareness and not intended to provide any product recommendations.


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